Millions of people are affected by joint pain. For a number of these people, pain can be debilitating. Joint pain can result from many types of injuries or conditions. Injuries can happen to any of the ligaments, bags, or tendons around joints. The cartilage and bone in the joint are also affected by injuries. Inflammation of the joints with arthritis and infection are some of the conditions that cause pain in the joints. We take a look at some of the most common causes joint pain, along with potential treatments.
The most common type of arthritis, osteoarthritis, is a major cause of joint pain. Sometimes called degenerative arthritis because it often leads to the bones that are connected to the joints. Finally, the cartilage wears away. As expected, this leads to a number of conditions such as joint pain, swelling and loss of functionality in the most serious cases. This condition affects about 10 percent of Americans. Initial symptoms usually begin to show about 50 years old, and usually progresses as you age. Osteoarthritis most commonly affects large joints, causing pain in the joints of the knees, hips and back. As mobility plays an important role in these joints, arthritis can be quite disabling. There are a number of risks that predispose a person to the risk of osteoarthritis. Over weight individuals are much more likely to develop osteoarthritis, compared with individuals of average weight. In fact, recent statistics show that those burdened by obesity are 3 times more likely. Heredity also plays an important role. Those who have a history of osteoarthritis in their families are more likely to develop the disease.
The medical community has not yet found a cure for this common type of arthritis. Thus, the goal is to treat the discomfort, reduce inflammation and pain. Possible treatments for this to begin with weight reduction programs when necessary, along with NSAIDs, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory. Vioxx, Celebrex and Bextra have been commonly used NSAIDs but have had their share of side effects. Recently Vioxx was in the news because of their greater likelihood of suffering a heart attack when taken long term. Consequently, it has been pulled from the shelves, as Bextra. Not to be left out, Celebrex has had its fair share of criticism. Alternatively, supplementation with joint pain as glucosamine and fish oil have proved effective, as is often recommended. In extreme cases, joint replacement surgery is an option.
One of the most serious causes of joint pain is rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This debilitating autoimmune disease causes inflammation around the tissues surrounding the joints and organs of the organs. Rheumatoid arthritis is particularly damaging because it often leads to long term joint damage, which can result in severe chronic pain and loss of functionality. Initially, symptoms such as swelling and stiffness start to ignite. This is the time followed by thickening of the synovium, which is a result of cell growth and division. As the disease progresses further, the underlying joint tends to lose shape and alignment. This results in constant pain, loss of mobility and deformity as possible.
Since rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease, who will continue his path of destruction and can never disappear. Therefore, current treatments focus on eliminating pain and inflammation, rather than cure. As is the case of osteoarthritis, anti-inflammatories are useful in treating the disease but may lead to side effects. Cortisone treatments are useful in the short term, but are typically not suitable for long-term use. Ant disease modifying disease drug (DMARDs) have been used successfully to limit the spread of the disease. Analgesics are prescribed to help deal with chronic pain. The general medical consensus is that RA should be treated aggressively, despite the earliness of the stage can be. This improves the chances of remission and may prevent more serious development when detected early. Studies have shown a reduced joint damage in subjects who had early treatment and aggressive. This has proved especially true when the use of FAME.
Gout is a painful arthritis-related condition. It is a disease created by high levels of uric acid in one or more joints. People with gout suffer from acute attacks of pain, redness and joint pain. As the levels of accumulation of uric acid crystals form in joints, causing joint pain and inflammation. The feet and hands are most commonly affected by the disease. Although in chronic kidney disease may eventually be adversely affected. Gout typically affects those beyond middle age and can begin in the early 50s. People with gout are more masculine, but women are susceptible after menopause.
The good news is that gout is treatable, so the risk of recurrence can be minimized. The initial treatment of gout usually strives to eliminate pain and inflammation so common with this problem. After that is accomplished the goal is to curb any future outbreak. This can be done by reducing the supply of blood purine, purine-rich foods should be reduced or eliminated. These commonly include meats and seafood. This helps in reducing blood uric acid levels and the dissolution of the crystals. Drink plenty of water can also help flush uric acid from your body. Drugs, supplements joint pain, and all changes in the diet can be prescribed to treat this painful condition
Pain in other causes
Injuries – One of the main causes of joint pain is injury.Things fractures, cartilage tears, and sprains to put undo stress on the joints in the neighborhood. In fact, joint pain can be a leading indicator that has an injury. As is often the joints are the first to say that there is a problem. If these warning signs are ignored chronic conditions can develop.
Bursitis – Inflammation of the pouch. Although you may never have heard the name of Bursa, which currently has about 150 of them throughout your body. The bag is a small fluid-filled sac that prevents friction between tendons and joints. When bursitis occurs and the pouch becomes inflamed, movement, and any kind of pressure can result in pain. This pain typically affects the larger joints, such as those in the hips, knees, shoulders, etc..
Tendinitis – The tendon is a flexible tissue that connects muscles to bones. Your responsibility is to move the bone, when the muscles contract. The tendons of all forms of sizes, depending on location. Tendons of the fingers are obviously much smaller than their larger counterparts in the extremities. Tendonitis can affect any tendon of the body. By definition tendinitis is inflammation of the tendons (tendon + “itis” means inflammation). This irritation of the tendon causes pain in the joints. It can be caused by a series of activities such as gardening, tennis, golf, shooting, etc.. Tendinitis can affect anyone but is most common in older adults. The treatment is to ensure that the affected area is settled, the area is after the injury with ice, along with medication. If the problem persists, we recommend that you consult a doctor. Your doctor may prescribe corticosteroids (steroids), injections, physical therapy or surgery in chronic cases.
Diseases – both infectious diseases and autoimmune diseases can cause joint pain. Common infectious diseases such as influenza, mumps, or other diseases that can spread the disease may cause discomfort. Autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis are very common causes of joint pain. Autoimmune disease, by definition, is a disease where the body tissues are mistakenly attacked by its own immune system. Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease that causes inflammation of joints with swelling and tenderness. Osteoporosis is known as a bone disease that causes joint pain. That deteriates bones, and therefore around the joints affected. Treatment may include the typical resources of joint pain, although the resolution of the underlying disease is essential.